All rights reserved. Unauthorised reproduction of any OSCE notes or other content
from OSCEstop is strictly prohibited. Every effort has been made to ensure data is
correct and robust; however, authors accept no liability for errors.
OSCEstop is an organisation which aims to help medical students, junior doctors and
other healthcare professionals across the world improve their clinical examination
and practical skills. It contains continually updated notes on all of the essential
skills in which junior doctors must be competent and detail on all of the stations
likely to come up in OSCE examinations. OSCEstop hopes to help doctors to acquire
and maintain the broad-knowledge of all of the practical skills they should know
and be able to use regardless of the environment they commonly practice.
Founder, Director and Main Contributor
Dr Christopher Mansbridge MBChB (Hons) MRes (Dist) MRCP (UK) graduated Medicine with
honours and distinction from The University of Manchester, UK. As a keen educator,
he produced this site with an aim to provide an accurate source of comprehensive
notes for undergraduates sitting OSCE examinations.
Dr Annabel Freeborough Bsc (Hons) MBChB MRCGP is a general practitioner with an interest
in dermatology. She is a significant contributor to OSCEstop and has written a host
of notes in dermatology, paediatrics and obstetrics and gynaecology.
Dr John Zachary MB BS FRCR is a retired consultant radiologist from Manchester. He
runs regular radiology tutorials for The University of Manchester students. Dr Zachary
has significantly contributed to the OSCEstop radiograph interpretation notes. He
can be contacted at email@example.com.
Dr Philip Lewis BSc MB BS FRCP FRCP (Edin) is a consultant cardiologist and a renowned
expert in the field of hypertension. Dr Lewis has been involved in the production
of the cardiovascular sections of OSCEstop.
Dr Stephanie Killick is a Consultant in Palliative Medicine who has been involved
in the production of the end of life care and treatment escalation notes.
Dr Declan Mcdonnell is a surgical registrar who has written and reviewed the surgical
Mr Togay Koç BSc MBBS MSc MRCS is a senior trauma and orthopaedic registrar and has
contributed to the fracture management sections of OSCEstop.
John Paul Bagala (Gulu University, Uganda) is the current president of the Federation
of African Medical Students' Associations (FAMSA) and a medical student at Gulu University
in Uganda. John Paul Bagala has been involved in advertising OSCEstop in Uganda.
By serving medical students in such developing countries as well as developed ones,
OSCEstop hopes to be a high quality free source of education available to students
where other resources are limited.
Anita Sri (Imperial College London, UK) is one of the London representatives for
Dr Ahmed Kamal (Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain) is former lecturer of clinical
pharmacology from Sudan and currently working as a medical simulation instructor
at Arabian Gulf University. He is a medical representative active in both Sudan and
Rodrigo Carvalho Gonçalves da Rocha BScPT MSc DO MD (University of Malta) is an Consultant
Physiotherapist In Osteopathy and Musculoskeletal Medicine with further qualifications
in anatomy and cell biology. He was a lecturer of anatomy at the University of Sao
Paulo from 2001-2003. He is currently studying at the University of Malta and is
a valued OSCEstop representative there.
John Mureithi (The University of Nairobi, Kenya) is the Kenya representative for
Sulaiman Ghiyas (University of Central Lancashire) is a physician associate and has
previously been a textbook reviewer for Oxford University Press and John Wiley &
Sons. She is the Lancashire OSCEstop representative.
Meb Walji and Mohamed Jawad Dungersi (Pharmacist Team Managers, Clinical Education,
North West Anglia NHS Foundation Trust) are pharmacists who also works in medical
education and are involved in regional programmes involving pharmacy education and
the education of doctors.
Dr Syed Kashan Asghar (GP, Perth, Australia) is a GP who is the Perth representative
Hannah Matthiesson (Monash University, Melbourne, Australia) is a medical student
from Melbourne, currently undertaking time in research.
Daveena Meeks (King’s College London, UK) is a 4th year student and London OSCEstop
Salwa El Shawish (United Arab Emirates) is the UAE representative for OSCEstop and
a valued member of the team.
Rachel Lowther (University of Birmingham) is a physician associate trainee and loved
the site. She is expanding the use of the site for physician associates around the
Nahida Begum (University of Southampton, UK) is the Southampton OSCEstop representative.
Nidhi Sharma (The University of Dundee, UK) is a 4th year student from Dundee and
is the OSCEstop representative there.
Eric Jou (University of Cambridge) is an MBPhD student from Cambridge and is the
Cambridge OSCEstop representative.
Farhana Patel (University of Leicester) is the Leicester OSCEstop representative.
Matthew Bracchi (The University of Aberdeen, UK) is the Aberdeen representative for
Jethishka Motee (Nanjing Medical University, China) is our major OSCEstop representative
in China and Mauritius where an OSCE format is also used.
Henal Desai (Liverpool Univerity, UK) is a Liverpool representative.
Dr Ahmed Ahmed (University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Sudan) is a junior
doctor from The Sudan and a keen OSCEstop representative.
Sharan Kannan (Lancaster Medical School) is the OSCEstop representative from Lancaster.
Siobhan Child (Cardiff Medical School) is a Cardiff OSCEstop representative.
Dr G Balachandran (Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College, India) is an associate
professor with over three decades experience in radiology.
Amish Hafeez (Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan) is our OSCEstop
representative from Pakistan.
Ramila Radhakrishnan (Medical University Pleven, Bulgaria) is the representative
Reece Mearns (Deakin University, Geelong, Australia) is a former pharmacist and 4th
year medical student. He is a representative and is editing the prescribing section
of the site.
Dr Natalie Patagnan MD (De La Salle Health Sciences Institute, Philippines) is a
keen OSCEstop representative from the Philippines.
Asim Khan Bmedsci (Barts and London School of Medicine and Dentistry, UK) is a final
year student at Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry. He has a degree
in molecular therapeutics, and, in addition to being a London representative, Asim
is becoming involved in creating viva notes for OSCEstop.
Zhong Goh (Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia) is the representative from Brisbane.
Mohamed Amer (St Georges Univerisity of London) is a 4th year student and London
Jaidyn Muhandiramge (Monash University, Melbourne, Australia) is a medical student
from Australia and the Melbourne representative.
Jake Melhuish (Norwich Medical School, UK) is president of the Norwich Medical Society
and is a keen representative of OSCEstop.
Zichu Yang (Glasgow, Scotland) MBBS Msc MRSPH is originally from China but currently
lives in Glasgow. He represents OSCEstop both locally in Glasgow and is also introducing
it to his colleagues in China.
Robert Barbin (Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia) is one of the Australian
representatives for OSCEstop and has been involved in reviewing the content with
a focus on the relevance to Australian medical examinations, as well as site promotion.
Mehul Srivastava (Monash University, Melbourne, Australia) is a an Australian OSCEstop
representative. She is involved in promotion and is thoroughly reviewing the content
of the site.
Lily Hua (University of Edinburgh) is the Edinburgh representative for OSCEstop.
Ali Rezaee (Medical University of Warsaw, Poland) is the OSCEstop representative
in Warsaw, Poland.
Hailey Carroll (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Ireland) is a a representative
for Ireland and the US. She is a graduate student from the United States, studying
at an international medical school. Hailey has been a major representative involved
in site promotion in these regions.
Juliyan Shan (Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland) is a representative
for Polish medical schools. As a student at an international school, and class representative
of his program, Juliyan has been able to raise awareness throughout Poland.
Saima Shah (Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan) is a final-year medical
student and representative in Pakistan.
Savanna Laura Harrison (Nottingham University, UK) is a Nottingham medical student
who is a Nottingham representative for the OSCEstop site.
Erfan Masiha (Lancaster University, UK) is a final year student and OSCEstop representative.
Louise Davis (Newcastle University, UK) is a representative from Newcastle University.
Osman Altun MD (Stockholm, Sweden) used OSCEstop during his undergraduate medical
studies and now raises awareness of OSCEstop in Sweden.
Radha Measuria (Liverpool, UK) is a junior doctor and Liverpool representative.
Sara Faily (The University of Manchester, UK) is a student from The University of
Manchester and is a Manchester OSCEstop representative.
Bethan Chorley Bsc (Cardiff University, UK) is the Cardiff representative for OSCEstop.
Ashwin Balu (Liverpool University, UK) is a student from The University of Liverpool
and is a Liverpool representative for OSCEstop.
Mr Peter Coe Bsc (Hons) MBChB MRCS is a clinical research fellow from Christies NHS
Trust in Manchester. He has written surgical notes for OSCEstop including detailed
notes on post-operative complications, an important topic for surgical finals and
Dr Adriana Basarab MBChB MRCP DTM+H MSC FRCPath is a consultant in medical microbiology
and virology, with a special interest in surgical infection, infections in immuno-compromised
patients, and antimicrobial management. She has reviewed and adapted the antibiotics
pages of OSCEstop.
Dr Lucy O’Connor MBChB (Hons) MRes (Dist) is an academic doctor from London, UK.
She has contributed to a variety of notes throughout OSCEstop.com.
Dr Kellie Bateman from Bristol has written the OSCEstop notes on inhaler techniques,
domestic violence, emergency contraception, falls risk assessment, collateral histories,
spirometry, urine and CSF analysis and chest drain management. She has contributed
to the overall format of the site.
Dr Nazera Dodia MBChB has thoroughly reviewed the OSCEstop acute management notes
to ensure they are in line with current evidence. She has also written the viva notes
on rheumatoid arthritis, OA, ankylosing spondylitis and gout.
Dr Joanna Higgins is a senior orthopaedic registrar who has reviewed all of the orthopaedic
Dr Frederick Speyer is a paediatric specialist with an interest in medical education.
He has contributed to the paediatric notes.
Dr Nicholas Farmer is a core surgical trainee and qualified physiotherapist who has
contributed significantly to the orthopaedic notes.
Dr Hannah Sinclair is a cardiology registrar who has edited the cardiology notes
throughout the site.
Mrs Abigail Mezzullo is a senior pharmacist who has been involved with the prescribing
Dr Alexander Suebsaeng MBBS is a junior doctor with experience in writing and publishing.
He has been a key contributor to OSCEstop and has been an editor since December 2017.
Doctors Beyond Medicine (Southern and Eastern Africa) is a non-governmental organisation
that collaborated with OSCEstop to aid in their study course for integrated and functional
medical practitioners who will be working in the field in extreme areas where there
is currently no medical assistance.
Dr DI Shah MBBS (Rajsthan University, India) is a keen collaborator with OSCEstop.
Together, we provide notes and resources to provide a source of non-profit education
for health workers in the rural and remote area of Rajasthan in India, where there
is no good teaching infrastructure or freely available materials.
Karelyn Douglas (Queensland Health, Australia) is nurse educator from rural Queensland.
She is part of a non-profit governmental organisation and in conjunction with OSCEstop,
publishes content on trauma and plaster casts to educate rural nurses, doctors and
other healthcare workers in basic trauma.
Ali Ebrahimi & Shadi Izadi (Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran) are pharmacists
as part of a student charity linked to an NGO in Iran who use OSCEstop resources
to train community pharmacists. They have translated a host of notes into Persian
to allow wider availability in rural areas.